Self-Determined Learning Model for Early Elementary Students: A Parent's Guide

Product Type

Contact Information

Ordering Information

 Download Links 

 Reproducible Forms 
  Susan Palmer
  Phone: 785-864-0270 
 the Beach Center for
 Disability Website

Resources for: Families | Professionals | General

Susan B. Palmer, Michael L. Wehmeyer
Publication Date: June 2002

Educators, General Public, Parents


Decision-making, Problem Solving, Coping, Self-regulation, Self-management, Goal-setting, Self-advocacy

Helps Identify Personal Preferences, Promotes Choice-making , Increases Use of Personal Skills

Home and Community Living, Leisure and Recreation


This guide enables teachers and parents to help children become more self-determined individuals. With the help of parents and teachers, children will learn how to problem solve, set and achieve goals, and make decisions at school and at home.

How the Product was Developed

Children aged 5 to 8 years field tested the Self-Determined Learning Model of Instruction used in this publication.

The Self-Determined Learning Model of Instruction is the content of this publication.

How the Product was Implemented

No tutorial or training is needed.

Family members

The Extent to Which the Product has Been Used

The Parent's Guide was disseminated to DD councils throughout the United States in book format. Then, a PDF of the publication was placed on the Beach Center web site for expanded dissemination.

All materials are included in the publication.

This approach has been used in multiple contexts with a wider range of ages, when adapted.

DD Councils used this material to train parents of younger children on self-determination.

The material has been used nationwide.

The Extent to Which the Product or Approach has Been Evaluated


  • Case studies
  • Experimental-control group studies (with random assignment to groups)
  • Quasi experimental-control group studies (without random assignment to groups)


Palmer, S., & Wehmeyer, M.L. (2003). Promoting Self-Determination in Early Elementary School: Teaching Self-Regulated Problem-Solving and Goal Setting Skills. Remedial and Special Education, 24, 115-126.

The model was evaluated in a number of other instances with a wider age range of people, 5 years to 22 years of age.


Resources for: Families | Professionals | General

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